Located in the easternmost province of the country, Guantánamo, Baracoa was the first villa founded by Spaniens in 1514. It is a place of great natural beauty, considered one of the 34 biodiversity hotspots on the planet, according to the World Forum for Nature.
Among its main attractions are the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, a World Heritage Site and one of the most important sites for the conservation of native flora in the entire Western Hemisphere. In the vicinity of this Park, is the Caridad de Los Indios community, the last population directly descended from the Cuban aborigines (Taino culture), Caribbean agro-potters, wiped out by European colonization.
The Stone Zoo has a sample of animals and aborigines carved in stone, with more than 426 sculptures. To climb to the highest point there are 324 steps and 245 on the way back down. Visiting the whole zoo is tiring, but visitors do so with pleasure due to the beauty of their sculptural work, the climate and the vegetation of the place. For all this, the Stone Zoo was declared “National Cultural Heritage” in 1985.
The Farola Viaduct is the most recent of the seven wonders of civil engineering in Cuba. The road crosses the entire Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa mountain range, with heights that sometimes reach 450 meters above sea level. Along the way, if you go from Guantánamo to Baracoa, you go from a desert-coastal landscape to one dominated by a tropical jungle.