Santiago de Cuba was founded in 1515 and it has a very different identity from the rest of the Cuban provinces due to its strong Caribbean influence. This is why everything in it spontaneously generates musicality and joy. For Cubans, Santiago de Cuba is the “hot” land, not only because of weather but also for the human warmth, the energy and overflowing vitality of its inhabitants.
Santiago de Cuba can be reached the Turquino Peak, a mountain range historically important due to the role it played during the liberation struggles: this was the headquarters of the revolutionary Cuban army.
The first week of July Santiago de Cuba hosts La Fiesta del Fuego or Caribbean Festival. Dedicated each year to a country in this region, this event is full of colours, languages and rhythms. About 15 days later, the Santiago de Cuba Carnival, declared the Cultural Heritage of the Nation in 2015, began. During this festivity, the neighbourhoods compete to be the most beautiful and best decorated. Music, dance, drinks and food are combined all the time.
Other places of interest in Santiago are the Sanctuary of the Virgen del Cobre, Patroness of Cuba and El Castillo del Morro San Pedro de la Roca, declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, built-in 1638 to protect the city against naval attacks.